Signs, prevention, treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine.

According to the qualifications of the international classification of diseases, osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine belongs to the tenth group (ICD 10). This disease is one of the most commonly diagnosed spinal disorders.

back pain with osteochondrosis

Changes and complications of the course of the disease lead to the formation of intervertebral hernias, severe pain, impaired function of the intervertebral discs.

This disease is fixed in 80% of patients who seek help for low back pain. As a rule, osteochondrosis occurs in old age due to:

  • increased loads during life in relation to the lower back,
  • lime salt deposits,
  • age changes.

Description and symptoms of the disease

Characteristic signs of lumbar pathology include the following manifestations:

  • decreased flexibility and mobility;
  • difficulty turning, rotating, tilting the body;
  • general fatigue;
  • sleep disorders;
  • the problematic implementation of natural needs and self-service due to the appearance of pain;
  • irritability, sudden sweating;
  • coldness or tingling in the legs;
  • spasmodic manifestations in the arteries of the feet;
  • violation of sexual function (in men), menstrual cycle (in women);
  • phlebeurysm.

In fact, to answer the question of what is osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, you can use the following theses:

  1. Reduction of the distance between the intervertebral discs, violation of their functionality, loss of moisture, elasticity.
  2. Overexertion and chronic weakness of the muscles of the spine.
  3. Violation of the depreciation ability of the discs, their partial deformation and the effect on nerve endings that provoke pain (applies to stages 3 and 4 of the disease).

The course of the disease

The development of pathology occurs gradually. It is customary to distinguish 4 stages of clinical history:

  1. The first degree is manifested by local pain in the lumbar region, which is aggravated by physical exertion. This symptom indicates that the muscles are overloaded and the process of deformation of the intervertebral discs has already begun. Also, patients at this stage may feel a dull pain in the back, radiating to the buttock region, tingling and burning in the same place. As a rule, the pain occurs after the transfer of weights or sudden movements.
  2. The second period of the disease is characterized by the beginning of the deformation of the surrounding tissues, the fibrous ring of the disc, and the reduction of the natural distance between the vertebrae. Compression (compression) of the nerve roots also develops. At this stage, the patient may feel sharp pains that progress while walking. There may be a burning or cold sensation in the legs. Tension and protrusion of the discs develop. If an attack of pain occurs, the patient is automatically diverted in the opposite direction from the focus of the pain syndrome.
  3. The third degree is characterized by the final destruction of the disc rings, the appearance of intervertebral hernias. Lower back pain becomes more frequent and stronger, while giving to the legs, back, regardless of the load and movement.
  4. The fourth stage of osteochondrosis is characterized by abnormal growth of the vertebrae. The cartilage undergoes important atrophic processes. The pain may subside, indicating the formation of protective tissue, but this is by no means a sign of recovery. The disease at this stage most often leads to disability of the patient.

Accompanying diseases

Almost identical manifestations of the disease in question are characterized by spondylosis deformans of the corresponding part of the body. This disease belongs to the later stages of osteochondrosis and has the following symptoms:

  • feeling of heaviness in the back, especially in the lower part;
  • sharp pain when sitting, moving;
  • lower back pain when bending, stretching and other movements.
osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine

This disease is characterized by cardinal changes in the vertebrae with the formation of bone growths that irritate the ligaments of the spine. The growths (osteophytes) can reach a considerable size, cause parts of adjacent vertebrae to fuse together, and put pressure on nerve roots.

The consequence of the disease, in addition to pain, can be a decrease in mobility, discomfort when the weather changes, disability.

Basically, the disease develops in old age due to excessive stress on the lumbar region and lime salt deposits. In young people, spondylosis can develop due to curvature of the spine, improper distribution of tension in the back muscles.

Wellness gymnastics, physiotherapy and medical procedures

It is completely unreal to cure disease. The first two stages of spinal health disorders can be cured quickly and permanently. In addition to drug treatment, which is prescribed by a doctor after an appropriate examination, patients are shown physiotherapy and exercise equipment for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine.

These include:

  • massage - can reduce pain, strengthen the lumbar muscles, relax problem areas.
  • Physical activity, exercises to strengthen the back muscles.
  • Amplipulse, MRI effect.
  • Iontophoresis and diadynamic currents.

The optimal result in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine provides an integrated approach using traditional therapy, massage, physiotherapy and traditional medicine. As a preventive measure, you need to strengthen your back muscles, not avoid physical exertion, and follow proper nutrition. Also, do not forget about the timely treatment of other diseases of the back, maintaining a healthy lifestyle.