Often, after hard physical work or sports training, a person notices that his arms and legs hurt. If such a condition is associated with overexertion or fatigue, the pain usually goes away after a few days. But it happens that such malaise regularly worries a person and can appear regardless of physical activity. In this case, the pain may be caused by serious health problems that require treatment.
The appearance of pain in the joints, arthralgia, can be observed against the background of general well-being. Painful sensations appear, as a rule, after excessive physical exertion and can be observed in pregnant women. Recently, complaints of joint pain in children, caused by the rapid development of the musculoskeletal system, have become more frequent.
In other cases, joint pain is a symptom of some pathology, a signal of an inflammatory or destructive process, an autoimmune disease. For the complete treatment of the joints, it is important to determine the root cause of the appearance of pain.
Pain in the legs and arms is a fairly common occurrence. Such a problem is usually not related to age, even children and adolescents often suffer from such sensations. In them, this is usually associated with rapid growth or increased physical exertion. And in adults, regular pain in the limbs can be caused by various diseases.
Such pain can come from any part of the limb. Most often, the feet on the legs hurt, since they are subjected to the greatest tension. The knees, calves, and hip joint can also be affected. In the hands, the pain is localized mainly in the forearm and shoulder. But often such sensations occur in the hands, which prevents a person from carrying out normal work.
Bones, joints, muscles can hurt. Often the problem appears due to impaired blood circulation and tissue nutrition. Sometimes the discomfort is also transmitted through nerve fibers from other parts of the body. Such radiating pains can appear in diseases of the spine, myocardial infarction, renal or biliary colic. In this case, the pain appears to the right or to the left, depending on the affected organ.
Such pain is usually mild, people describe it as a feeling of pain, discomfort. Pain can occur only during movement and subside at rest or constantly bother a person.
Attention: if the pain is not associated with physical activity or is accompanied by additional symptoms, you should consult a doctor.
Without treatment, such pain can become chronic and lead to decreased performance or even disability. It is especially important to visit a doctor if limb pain occurs simultaneously with other symptoms. It can be fever, weakness, chills, nausea. Usually, this condition presents with serious pathologies that require immediate treatment.
The most common cause of limb pain is ordinary fatigue. Most often they appear the next day after sports training. But it can be after working in the fields, carrying heavy loads, general cleaning or outdoor activities. This usually occurs in people without physical training.
Such pain is called krepatura. They don't just show up. Most often, pain is a consequence of microtrauma of muscle fibers. If this happens frequently, they do not have time to heal and inflammation appears. As a result, the blood supply to the tissues may be impaired, ischemia develops. Intense workouts can also lead to sprains and tears in the muscles or ligaments. All of these factors usually cause pain that lasts 3 to 5 days. But the accumulation of lactic acid in the muscles cannot be the cause of such prolonged pain, it resolves in a few hours.
But there are more serious reasons for this problem. There are several groups of pathologies that can cause pain in the legs and arms. They differ in the mechanism of formation and localization. But they have one thing in common: one of the manifestations is pain in the extremities.
What diseases can cause this symptom:
- pathology of blood vessels and veins, usually of the lower extremities;
- infectious diseases;
- poisoning and other conditions that cause intoxication of the body;
- inflammatory pathologies of joints, muscles, nervous tissues;
- degenerative diseases of the joints and bones;
- autoimmune pathologies;
- hormonal disturbances;
Diseases of the blood vessels and veins are quite common. They occur in men and women of all ages. Most of the time they are varicose veins. At the same time, the legs ache, heaviness is felt, convulsions may appear. Gradually, the dilated veins become visible through the skin. With age, thrombophlebitis and thrombosis are also common, the symptoms of which can be severe throbbing pain in a leg or arm. Atherosclerosis of the blood vessels can also cause their blockage, which is the cause of painful sensations, mainly oppressed or tight, aggravated by movement.
Less common vascular pathologies include:
- obliterative endarteritis;
- embolism of the main arteries;
- Raynaud's disease;
- arteriovenous dysplasia.
In case of circulatory disorders, in addition to pain in the arms and legs, numbness, a tingling sensation, cold extremities often appear. The muscles weaken, the fingers swell, it becomes difficult to move them, and things fall out of the hands. If the small vessels of the extremities are affected, blue or purple spots may appear on the skin, the nails turn blue.
Attention: it is especially dangerous if the pain in the left arm is accompanied by shortness of breath, weakness and heaviness in the chest. This could be a sign of myocardial infarction.
Pathologies associated with circulatory disorders include prolonged immobilization. Moreover, this happens not only with forced immobility after injury. Sitting in one position for long periods of time, for example while traveling or during sedentary work, can compromise blood circulation.
Very often, hands and feet hurt with viral diseases. These feelings are considered a classic symptom of the flu. They are associated with the fact that in order to fight infections in the body, special substances are formed - prostaglandins. They cause an increase in temperature and pain. Also, such pain may be associated with intoxication and fever, which accompany infectious diseases.
Quite often, pain in the extremities occurs with influenza, SARS, bronchitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, rubella, chicken pox. Such sensations can be a symptom of borreliosis, botulism, paratyphoid fever, salmonellosis, cholera and many parasitic diseases.
Poisoning often causes pain in the muscles of the arms and legs. This is due to cell death that occurs when toxins or poisons enter the body, for example, a large amount of alcohol, an overdose of certain drugs. This often happens with food poisoning. Painful sensations in the extremities accompany nausea, abdominal pain, intestinal discomfort.
Poisoning also occurs with bites from ticks, some other insects, and snakes. In this case, seizures, allergic manifestations and respiratory failure may occur. And ticks often carry infectious diseases, the first manifestations of which are precisely pain in the limbs.
People over 45 years of age often suffer from pain in the joints of the arms and legs. A person's limbs are in constant motion, so the joints wear out. And with age, metabolic processes slow down, which negatively affects the state of articular cartilage and other tissues. Therefore, such pathologies as arthritis, arthrosis, gout are often found. They can affect any joint in the extremities. With osteochondrosis or spondyloarthrosis, in addition to the spine, the arms or legs may also hurt.
With all these diseases, the joints of the arms and legs hurt, the pain can spread to the surrounding muscles and other tissues. For example, osteoarthritis primarily affects large joints. But the pain can be felt in the bones and muscles located next to them. Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects the finger joints. Pain doesn't just happen during exercise. It is felt even at rest and can spread to the palms, wrists, and forearms.
In some diseases, the bones of the arms and legs are affected. At the same time, a person experiences painful sensations that prevent him from leading a normal life. This happens with osteomyelitis, osteomalacia or osteoporosis. These pathologies are associated with infection in the bone tissue or with a lack of calcium in it.
This is the most common reason for such feelings. Pain in the muscles can appear with overwork, after injuries, with myositis. Under the influence of unfavorable external factors, the muscles become inflamed, sometimes ischemia occurs due to circulatory disorders. In this case, the so-called "trigger points" appear, that is, areas of greatest pain. The pain can be aching, weak or sharp, excruciating. It is localized in one place or it can spread to all extremities. This often results in muscle weakness.
This condition is called myofascial pain syndrome. It can occur after increased physical exertion, while usually the right leg or arm hurts more. The cause of pain can be wearing uncomfortable shoes, abnormalities in the development of the skeleton, scoliosis, prolonged immobilization after injury or illness. Also, this condition often accompanies people of certain professions. For example, office workers, tailors, hairdressers have pain in the right hand.
If muscle pain occurs due to hypothermia or infection, it is myositis. Pathology is accompanied by quite intense pain. In this case, the temperature may rise, the limb swells. Polymyositis is accompanied by painful weakness, increased fatigue.
Similar painful sensations can be a symptom of many other pathologies. Weakness and pains in the extremities often occur with increased blood pressure, sleep disturbances, and vegetative-vascular dystonia. The cause of pain can be blood diseases, endocrine pathologies, the growth of malignant tumors.
Most often, such pain is caused by damage to nerve tissue. They can be neuromas, neuralgia or neuritis. Pain in the back of the thigh can be caused by sciatica, and the wrist is often affected by carpal tunnel.
When after the examination the doctor cannot find the cause of the pain, and these last for several months, the sick person can be diagnosed with fibromyalgia. This pathology is quite common, but so far scientists cannot determine what causes it. It is also difficult to diagnose the disease, as neither tests nor hardware diagnostics detect it. Only general symptoms allow us to talk about the prevalence of pathology.
Fibromyalgia occurs mainly in women. This is thought to be due to a decrease in pain threshold. The source of the problem is in the brain. Often, after severe stress, a person notices that his arms or legs hurt. This usually happens the next morning.
Basically, the discomfort is located in the shoulder girdle, in the elbows, hips or knees. In addition to pain in the muscles, ligaments and tendons, the patient experiences weakness, decreased performance, increased fatigue, impaired mood and memory. He often has insomnia, depression, can't relax, suffers from headaches.
If the limbs began to ache after physical exertion, you can relieve your condition yourself. For this, it is recommended to take a relaxing bath and relax. After minor injuries, it is recommended to apply a cold compress to the damaged area. It is advisable to avoid stress for a couple of days, and the pain will disappear soon.
But it happens that all this does not help, the pain lasts for several weeks, and the patient does not know what to do to get rid of discomfort. The best thing you can do is see a doctor and get tested. After all, only after it becomes clear why the limbs hurt, it will be possible to choose the appropriate treatment.
Important: Some people with such problems start taking pain relievers or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on their own. But aside from the fact that they cause a lot of side effects, they don't always help.
Only a doctor after the examination will be able to determine how to treat the pathology. It depends on what caused the pain, where they are located, what their intensity is.
Pain relievers or NSAIDs are usually used for treatment. For severe pain, your doctor may prescribe injections of anesthetics at pain projection sites or injections of corticosteroids.
In addition to these drugs, and in mild cases independently, external agents are used. These can be ointments or gels based on NSAIDs, capsaicin, bee venom, essential oils. They have an analgesic, warming and distraction effect, which helps relieve muscle spasms and improves blood circulation.
The composition of the complex treatment of such pathologies also includes other means. Your choice depends on the cause of the pain. For example, in case of joint pathologies, chondroprotectors are prescribed to restore cartilage tissue. Antidepressants help with fibromyalgia.
Muscle relaxants are often used to relieve muscle spasms that can increase or cause pain. To restore blood circulation and nerve conduction, multivitamin preparations are needed, especially those containing B vitamins. Drugs that improve peripheral circulation and accelerate tissue regeneration are also effective.
Often, due to such pain, the mobility of the limbs decreases, the muscles weaken, the joints lose their elasticity. To restore the functions of the arms and legs, massage and physiotherapy exercises are used. They help restore normal muscle tone, improve joint mobility. And strengthening the muscle corset allows you to avoid such problems in the future.
Pain in the arms and legs is rarely a serious pathology, most often it occurs with overwork. But such pain may indicate the development of certain diseases, which, if left untreated, will lead to complications. So don't ignore pain that lasts more than a week. It is best to see a doctor who will help determine its cause and prescribe treatment.